Patricia Karetzky discusses the metaphor of the shoe and how it is present in different women artists' work in China, Korea and USA. The artists discussed are: Peng Wei, Nina Kuo, Yin Xuizhen, Cai Jin, Xin Song, Il Sun Hong, Betty YaQuin Chou and Mimi Kim. Patricia Eichenbaum Karetzky is O. Munsterberg Chair of Asian Art at Bard College. This project is supported by the Andy Warhol Foundation for Visual Arts, New York
The practice of foot-binding is a reflection of Confucian societal ideals that fostered a patriarchal hierarchy in which women, with few exceptions, were not included in social intercourse outside the home.