Charles Darwin

Charles Darwin

Charles Robert Darwin was an English naturalist, eminent as a collector and geologist, who proposed and provided scientific evidence that all species of life have evolved over time from common ancestors through the process he called natural selection. The fact that evolution occurs became accepted by the scientific community and the general public in his lifetime, while his theory of natural selection came to be widely seen as the primary explanation of the process of evolution in the 1930s, and now forms the basis of modern evolutionary theory. In modified form, Darwin’s scientific discovery remains the foundation of biology, as it provides a unifying logical explanation for the diversity of life.Darwin developed his interest in natural history while studying medicine at Edinburgh University, then theology at Cambridge. His five-year voyage on the Beagle established him as a geologist whose observations and theories supported Charles Lyell’s uniformitarian ideas, and publication of his journal of the voyage made him famous as a popular author. Puzzled by the geographical distribution of wildlife and fossils he collected on the voyage, Darwin investigated the transmutation of species and conceived his theory of natural selection in 1838. Although he discussed his ideas with several naturalists, he needed time for extensive research and his geological work had priority. He was writing up his theory in 1858 when Alfred Russel Wallace sent him an essay which described the same idea, prompting immediate joint publication of both of their theories.His 1859 book On the Origin of Species established evolution by common descent as the dominant scientific explanation of diversification in nature. He examined human evolution and sexual selection in The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex, followed by The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. His research on plants was published in a series of books, and in his final book, he examined earthworms and their effect on soil.In recognition of Darwin’s pre-eminence, he was one of only five 19th century UK non-royal personages to be honoured by a state funeral, and was buried in Westminster Abbey, close to John Herschel and Isaac Newton.(Arabic: تشارلز داروين)
Charles Darwin
The Ori­gin of Species by means of Nat­ural Se­lec­tion, 6th Edi­tion
Charles Darwin
A Nat­u­ral­ist's Voy­age Round the World. The Voy­age Of The Bea­gle
The Descent of Man, Charles Darwin, Tom Griffith
Charles Darwin, Tom Griffith
The Descent of Man
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Gratis
Charles Darwin
The Ex­pres­sion of the Emo­tions in Man and An­i­mals
On the Origin of the Species and The Voyage of the Beagle, Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
On the Ori­gin of Species By Means of Nat­ural Se­lec­tion, or, the Preser­va­tion of Favoured Races in the Strug­gle for Life
Charles Darwin
The Au­to­bi­og­ra­phy of Charles Dar­win
Charles Darwin
The Autobiography of Charles Darwin
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Gratis
The Formation of Vegetable Mould Through the Actth Observations on Their Habits, Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
The De­scent of Man and Se­lec­tion in Re­la­tion to Sex / Vol­ume II (1st Edi­tion)
Volcanic Islands, Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
Volcanic Islands
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Charles Darwin
The De­scent of Man and Se­lec­tion in Re­la­tion to Sex, Vol. I
Charles Darwin
The Vari­a­tion of An­i­mals and Plants Un­der Do­mes­ti­ca­tion, Vol. I
The Voyage of the Beagle, Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
Note on the Re­sem­blances and Dif­fer­ences in the Struc­ture and the De­vel­op­ment of the Brain in Man and Apes
The Different Forms of Flowers on Plants of the Same Species, Charles Darwin
Insectivorous Plants, Charles Darwin
The Power of Movement in Plants, Charles Darwin
More Letters - A Record of His Work in a Series of Hitherto Unpublished Letters, Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
Ef­fects of Cross and Self Fer­til­i­sa­tion in the Veg­etable King­dom
Coral Reefs, Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
Coral Reefs
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